Popular customs reflect the lives of people - customs and traditions, ideologies and beliefs, social and other activities. Traditionally, customs and folk art were sympathetic twins. are from the Neolithic Age, folk art took shape and flourished in all societies and all areas. In addition, over the history of a nation or people, the richest traditions of the people and the deeper roots.
The development of folklore and distribution of national wealth go hand in hand.Among the different types of art to express old Chinese folk customs and habits, popular print is the most important, given the enormous popularity among the population, both rural and urban, and artistic inclination viable.
Most ancient Chinese were pagans. Besides Buddhism imported from India, Taoism and indigenous people who love the city and many other gods, gods and spirits. The activities of the cult, of course, is more than adequate social habits may, as a religion means. If you look at the statues survive in Buddhist and Taoist temples and the images printed in the Buddhist and confident that both scriptures of the Buddha (for example, those three worlds --- bhaisajya private guru in a monastery, Shakyamuni Buddha Amitabha and Saba Western Paradise) and the Taoist gods in heaven three clear (eg , The distinguished Yuanshi Yuqing, honored and cherished Shangqing Lingbao the Daode the Taiqing) are similar in appearance session cross-legged in meditation. However, the images of popular deities that the common people created quite different from them. To fulfill their hopes and wishes for happiness, the harvest, a boy, an official of promoting a peaceful and healthy family, the Chinese people and the rural population, especially the various deities to suit their tastes. They believed that there were many gods worshiped in the same honesty of Buddha and Lee, the founder of Taoism.
Almost everything was okay for the three kingdoms of the gods may be, ghosts, immortals, or management. For example, Coalpit idolized was blocked by a mouse, construction paper controlled by the God of Cai Lun (? -121), A great inventor of the dynasty of Han (25-220), has developed a new way to make paper, which human life from some old fairy tales are supposed to be determined by Shou Xing (Star of longevity) said , draft a venerable old man is striking his forehead, long and gray-white beard and eyebrows and a walking stick, and Ran Zhao Gongming Dengdao, new characters identified by the Shang Dynasty (11 BC) were like gods to worship the gods of wealth and the door. Always the deified historical figures, animals were probably human affairs.
Performances of these deities by anonymous artists and craftsmen of ancient China in the popular prints, and a unique form of folk art that has survived all the dangers, and stood as a jewel in the treasure of traditional Chinese cultural arts.
Wooden blocks print, old not wearing very little blur unusual because of the pressure. The artisans were often cut after the first sketches. Cutting pieces of wood, was the image of God mainly because ink on transparent paper, then glued wood engraving. then cut the artisans, the outline of the image in relief on the training routes. When printing, wood engraving was painted evenly first, then a sheet of tissue paper was pressed. To print high yield fixed technicians generally fifty to one hundred sheets of paper in place and turned and printed one after another. If the colors like red and green are necessary, they turned to craftsmen with a brush for direct printing. Brilliantly colored works of Wuxi, Suzhou, Tianjin and Yangliuqing made either by clicking the color parts of the pressure timber, or by popular artists add color to facial features of the image with the brush. This process is known as open . Among existing examples of old, some are very hand-painted works, the majority are in ink and wood and burned as an offering to print. Because the gods that people worship was heaven and earth, were kept at home for a long time.
Deified founder of trades and professions: The Emperor Huangdi (for Schneider), the fairy Feilu (stickers), Lu Ban God (for carpenters and construction workers), God, the Sun Bin (for shoemakers and clay sculpture), God Li (in cinemas) the god of Kang (in Winzer), Confucius, or the largest Sage (for teachers), God Meng Tian (to draw workers bush), God Cai Lun (for paper-maker), Qingyuan Miaodao God ( for theater companies), goddess of mercy to white (for Jade Carver), Immortal Lu Dongbin (for Chinese policymakers inkstick) God of Lu Yu (for tea-shop workers), God Wu Daozi (), Painter, Xuan Emperor of the dynasty of Han (Large Pancakes employees), Immortal May Hong Fu and Ge (dye workers) to keep God Da Mo (for pedicure salon), god of medicine (for
Seasonal lucky folks Prints: printed maps heroes of Outlaws of the lake, Ph.D., at (a higher grade in the spring Ox, Table View Eighty-one days last cold weather, Zhong Kui, the Demon Slayer) Tiger remove five poisons, Horse Grade, five blessings, family, blessed by fate, the rule of blessing Fortunately, the River Pavilion (for contracts), the door of God, Kitchen God, the Sun God and the Goddess of the Moon.